Sloped Roofing

For large homes with high ceilings and many other typical residential homes, sloped roofs are one of the common styles for residential architecture. The extra slope serves as a practical and effective method of drainage while keeping the important aesthetic value to your homes appearance.

Common Sloped Roofing
Sloped Roofing

These types of roofing systems are easy to appreciate as the visual impact is significant and astonishing. The varying degrees of slope, roof complexity and shingle style imparts on a home’s overall appearance and blend into the neighborhood. However, the functionality of the roof cannot be overlooked.

Not only can the home be comprised of unique and exquisite roofing shingles, but it must also maintain its weather barrier system that can utilize a variety of specific materials and application techniques. Along with the decided roofing materials and system, once they are integrated with the shingles they form a barrier of protection against weather that can potentially puncture and damage your home.

Sloped Roofing Variants

Sloping roofs come in many different varieties. A roof with a single slope is called a lean-to or shed. On the other hand, roofs consisting of 2 slopes forming the letter “A” or known as gable or pitched roof. The type of sloped roofing depends on the shape and pitch of the roof. These factors can dramatically change the appearance of a building. Below are standard sloped roofing shapes:

Mono Pitch Roof or Lean-to Roof
The simplest form of roof as there is only 1 slope on a single roof surface. Usually used as a kind of cover for many building entrances and for roofs of small structures.

Gable RoofSloped Roofing Varieties
Gable roof is the simplest type of construction for a roof. In addition, it is the most frequently used roof type all over the world. The gable roof is a double sloping roof with a ridge and gables at each end. This type of roof consists of 2 roof surfaces. Each surface usually form the shape of a rectangle, with identical size and pitch. The line at the very top edge where the 2 surfaces meet are known as the Ridge or Ridge Line.

Hipped Roof
These are more popular for ranch homes and cottages as they help accentuate a more horizontal house design. Hipped roofs have a central ridge board, called a “king”. This aligns with the largest section of building mass usually a rectangular or square shape. With no vertical ends, the “hip” is the external angle at which adjacent sloping sides of a roof meet. The degree of this angle is known to as the “hip bevel”. The triangular sloping surface formed by hips that meet at the roof’s ridge/ridge line is called a “hip end”. Secondary wings on the building design create secondary ridge lines, each with their own hip. A pyramidal hipped roof also known as a pavilion roof, are hipped equally at all corners. The hips all then meet at a single peak. One the other hand, for longer rectangular structures, a roof ridge will be able to have 2 hips at either end.

Barn Hip Roof
A roof having both sloping ends and sloping sides

Dormer Roof
A roof with a large dormer window. Usually looking like the roof goes or wraps around the dormer. This roof will normally require or need a gable end.

Gambrel Roof
The gambrel roof is a type of gable roof with 2 slopes on each side of the ridge/ridge line. The first slope closest to the ridge line, is less steep than the second lower slope underneath. This type of roofing are commonly seen on barns.

Mansard Roof
The mansard roof is a hipped gambrel roof. Therefore, it has 2 slopes on every side. This type of roofing is often seen on old mansions and to some, the typical haunted house/manor roofing.

Salt Box Roof
A saltbox roof is a type of roof almost like the gable roof but forms a lopsided triangle. Generally, twentieth-century Split Level homes may have the saltbox roofline usually facing the front.

A-Frame Roof
The A-frame roof was introduced in 1957 by architect Andrew Geller. The A-frame home is mostly covered with roof with no perpendicular walls. These distinctive and easy to recognize A-shaped homes are mostly used to build vacation cottages.

Other Sloped Roofing Related Products

Other products that are utilized in sloped roofing are product snow guards. They are devices attached to sloped roofing surfaces that prevent mass quantities of snow and ice from avalanching all at once off of the roof. This can be installed on any sloped roof surface. In addition, building a sloped roof over the flat roof is an option. Furthermore, sloped roofs are normally used for small home structures like sheds and are the most ideal roofing for them. Building a shed shouldn’t be difficult providing that you have the right building plans and blueprint. Normally, a stud frame wall built at the high end of the proposed roof structure. Them, anchor the wall to the existing roof deck.

Additional Information Regarding Sloped Roofing

Generally, low-slope roofs are surfaces with a slope of 2:12 or less. In contrast, steep-slope roofs are defined as surfaces with a slope greater than 2:12. Both types of roofing must be handled with care and attention to detail. Low-slope roofs are harder to trace leakages and therefore need appropriate maintenance. Steeper sloped roofs are considered more aesthetically pleasing and last longer too. However, these types of roofs are more expensive because a steep sloped roof requires a taller chimney and more lumber for framing. Thus, more materials need to

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